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2月5日下午巴黎经济学院Lucas Chancel,杨利学术讲座
发布时间:2018-01-22   发布人:   点击数:1021

学术讲座:

时间:2514:30-17:00

地点:博学1227会议室

题目1 Global inequality dynamics since 1980: highlights from the World Inequality Report 2018

主讲人: Lucas Chancel,世界不平均实验室(巴黎经济学院)与世界不平均数据库董事会成员,世界不平均报告执行主编,巴黎政治大学讲师。
Abstract: The World Inequality Report 2018 was coordinated by Lucas Chancel along with Facundo Alvaredo, Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman. It provides the first systematic assessment of globalization in terms of inequality, over the past 40 years, drawing from novel data available at the World Wealth and Income Database (WID.world)—the most extensive source for historical data on income and wealth inequality. The report reveals that despite strong growth in emerging countries, global income inequality between individuals increased sharply since 1980, due to the rise of within-country inequality. The global top 1% captured more growth than the global bottom 50% over the period. The report documents a variety of national inequality trajectories since 1980, revealing the importance of institutions and policies to limit inequality. If current trends are continued, the report shows that global income and wealth inequality will further rise. However, more equitable development pathways are possible and the report discusses a series of policy options to invert current trends.

题目2 Capital Accumulation, Private Property and Rising Inequality in China, 1978-2015

主讲人: 杨利,世界不平均实验室(巴黎经济学院)博士后研究员。

Abstract: We combine national accounts, surveys, and new tax data to study the accumulation and distribution of income and wealth in China from 1978 to 2015. The national wealth-income ratio increased from 350% in 1978 to 700% in 2015, while the share of public property in national wealth declined from 70% to 30%. We provide sharp upward revision of official inequality estimates. The top 10% income share rose from 27% to 41% between 1978 and 2015; the bottom 50% share dropped from 27% to 15%. Chinas inequality levels used to be close to Nordic countries and are now approaching U.S. levels.

Bio: Li Yang is a postdoctoral researcher at the Paris School of Economics and research fellow at World Wealth and Income Database (WID). His research focuses on Chinas wealth and income inequality, economic development and economic history of China.

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